A quick update on the Chinese Drywall MDL. With the recent filing of an omnibus complaint, approximately 3,000 plaintiffs are now involved in the product liability litigation over Chinese-made drywall, against approximately 600 defendants. In re: Chinese-Manufactured Drywall Products Liability Litigation, MDL No, 2047 (E.D. La.). Plaintiffs allege generally that sulfur levels in the Chinese-made products are abnormally high, causing problems with air conditioning systems, appliances, internal wiring and other electrical systems, as well as personal injuries.
The drywall imported from China could have been used throughout the United States in as many as an estimated 300,000 recently built or renovated homes. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission reported on studies linking Chinese drywall installed in homes to elevated levels of hydrogen sulfide and the potential corrosion of metals.
Recently, the MDL court appointed Michael K. Rozen of Feinberg Rozen, LLP as a Special Master in this proceeding under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 53. Pursuant to the order of the Court, Special Master Rozen shall carry out those tasks he deems appropriate to fully explore opportunities for an ultimate resolution between the various parties.
At the December status conference, the court explored issues relating to the various profile forms: Plaintiff Profile Form, a Defendant Manufacturers’ Profile Form, a Contractor/Installer Profile Form, a Builder Defendant Profile Form and a Defendant Distributor Profile Form, and the Importer/Exporter/Broker Profile Form. And how to handle a party’s failure to complete the required form. Another agenda item was prioritizing the many pending motions. The parties addressed some discovery disputes, including ESI.
An important issue also discussed was the the Court’s general plan to establish initial “bellwether” trials. The Court has further advised the parties that any such trials will be limited to property damage only. The parties have been discussing the protocol and procedure for selecting bellwether trial candidates. The Plaintiff Steering Committee has suggested a sufficient representative sample of cases be selected with regard to geography, concentration of properties, distinctive facts and certain legal issues. The defendants suggest that the selection of bellwether plaintiffs must be limited to the plaintiffs that have submitted profile forms where personal injuries are not claimed. A list of these plaintiff properties has been made available to the PSC and the Court. The parties were directed to continue to discuss the selection of bellwether trials.
It is already clear that the drywall litigation will be complicated. Homeowners are suing builders, installers, distributors and manufacturers. There are multiple levels of insurance litigation, as in some states plaintiffs may also bring direct actions against the insurers for any of those categories of defendants; some homeowners are also in dispute with their carriers as to coverage. Several defendants have sued their carriers. In some cases, insurance companies have already filed declaratory judgment actions on these issues. Moreover, there are cross-claims among categories of defendants, as builders are suing distributors, manufacturers, and their insurers.
As noted here before , a major issue is product identification, i.e., the identification of the maker and seller of the drywall in each plaintiff’s building. Plaintiffs in the MDL have already identified 28 foreign labels that they allege may be involved. Class action motions remain pending, among the difficult case management issues. Indeed, some of the cases may end up being resolved as part of bankruptcy proceedings.