As posted by MassTortDefense, the Digitek MDL judge late in 2008 issued a pretrial order regarding multi-plaintiff complaints. In Pretrial Order No. 7, the court ordered the severance of most multi-plaintiff cases (other than spouses). In Re: Digitek Products Liability Litigation, MDL No. 1968 (S.D. W.Va.). The court noted that several complaints in this MDL action join multiple plaintiffs whose only apparent connection with one another is that they allegedly ingested the drug at issue. Other MDL judges have noted the case management, tracking, and other difficulties often accompanying that joinder practice, citing Vioxx and diet drugs.
Plaintiffs’ Co-Lead Counsel were to submit to the court a report identifying multi-plaintiff actions docketed prior to this Order that are subject to severance, and submit a suitable proposed severance order. One of the reasons plaintiffs resist such severance is the need to pay separate filing fees for all the separate claims filed, but the Order required the fees.
The plaintiffs in the Digitek multidistrict litigation then identified five class actions that they say meet the court’s requirements for severance under Pretrial Order No. 7. The plaintiffs said that the five cases they identified have multiple class representatives, but — despite the order — they propose that they be continued with multiple class representatives until “class certification issues are addressed and determined by the Court to ascertain suitability and typicality of the class representatives’ claims.” These kinds of personal injury claims are typically inappropriate for class treatment. Individual issues of causation, injury, and damages predominate over any alleged common issues. Choice of law issues can make the class device unmanageable.
MassTortDefense also posted before about defendants’ proposal to centralize the cases filed in New Jersey, and plaintiffs’ proposal to designate the New Jersey cases as a mass tort.
New Jersey state court Digitek cases have now been designated a mass tort by a New Jersey Supreme Court Order, and have been assigned to the Bergen County Superior Court. The centralized mass tort docket has been assigned to Judge Jonathan N. Harris.
The state’s mass tort website states that Digitek is a medication used to treat heart failure and abnormal heart rhythm. The NJ complaints seek damages, medical monitoring and other relief due to the purchase or ingestion of allegedly defective Digitek tablets which the plaintiffs claim were released with as much as twice the appropriate thickness. The complaints further allege that patients were thus taking twice the intended dosage. A Class I recall was initiated by the defendants after receiving some reports of illness and injuries consistent with potential overdoses of Digitek. It is alleged that this condition is dangerous especially among individuals suffering from renal failure because the Digitek may accumulate in the body of such individuals, rather than be excreted normally in urine.
The pattern of federal case MDL and mass tort treatment of multiple filings in a given state’s court has been seen in numerous other pharmaceutical cases, including Vioxx and Seroquel.