California – already one of the most aggressive states in regulating chemicals – has passed legislation designed to give state regulators new authority to regulate chemicals in consumer products. The bills are the companion measures, A.B. 1879 and S.B. 509. The state Senate approved its bill late last month. The Governator is expected to sign them in the near future.
The legislation is part of a so-called “green chemistry” initiative, launched more than a year ago. The program is designed to change the state’s current chemical-by-chemical regulatory approach and focus on identifying chemicals of concern and exploring opportunities for safer alternatives before they are in widespread use.
The state Department of Toxic Substances Control conducted a series of public workshops and expert meetings to gather ideas on how to implement the initiative. One of the outcomes is the new legislation. The bills, first, would give the state Department of Toxic Substances Control two years to develop a plan to identify and evaluate chemicals of concern and study alternatives to the chemicals. The measure requires the creation of a “Green Ribbon Science Panel” to advise the department in this task.
Second, the state would have authority to restrict use or ban chemicals from being used in consumer products in the first place – as opposed to regulating a chemical after it has been used as an ingredient. The bill proposes creation of a process to evaluate products for green chemistry regulation, including a multi-factorial life-cycle set of criteria to be considered, including the product’s manufacturing process, use characteristics, and its waste and end-of-cycle disposal. Specific regulatory outcomes might range from disclosure of additional information regarding a chemical of concern and its potential alternatives; labeling or other types of consumer product information sharing; restrictions on the use of the chemical; to outright prohibition of the use of the chemical.
Third, the bills would require the department to create an Internet-based, publicly accessible Toxics Information Clearinghouse for data on chemicals and potential hazards.
Some lawmakers supported the legislation because it would take the job of banning chemicals out of the hands of the state legislature. Clearly, the proactive philosophy of the legislation, as opposed to reacting to possible risks after the fact, appealed to some others. If the approach, and particularly the expert panel, takes some of the public hysteria and media frenzy out of the process, there may be an improvement to the rationality of the process. The product’s potential functions and the economic impact of regulating the chemical are supposed to be relevant factors considered.
Whether the green chemistry initiative has a significant impact on mass tort and toxic tort litigation remains to be seen. A more rational, science-based approach could curtail risks and undermine frivolous suits where general causation – the ability of the chemical to cause a disease – is far from clear.
The text of A.B. 1879 and S.B. 509 is available here.